University of Split School of Medicine


Physiology ( from Ancient Greek φύσις (physis), meaning "nature, origin", and -λογία (-logia), meaning "study of") is the scientific study of normal function in living systems. A sub-discipline of biology, its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and bio-molecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system. 


Recommended litterature

- Guyton – Hall: Textbook of Medical Physiology, 12th ed., Saunders Elsevier 2012.
- Berne and Levy: Physiology, 5th ed., Mosby 2003.



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Homeostasis and blood coagulation

Membrane transport

Membrane potentials and action potentials

Contraction muscle

Excitation of skeletal muscle

Excitation and contraction of smooth muscle

Rhythmical excitation of the heart


Cardiac muscle and the heart as a pump

Overview of circulation; Pressure, Flow, Reistance

Microcirculation; peripheral circulation

Nervous control of circulation and rapid and long term control of blood pressure

Cardiac output, venous return, special circulations

Special circulations; central and peripheral factors in control of circulation

Body fluids compartments

Urine formation by the kidneys

Renal regulation of electrolyte excretion, blood volume and acide-bas balance

Urine concentration and dilution



Structure and function of the respiratory system

Mechanical properties of the lung and the chest wall: static and dynamic

Pulmonary circulation

Gas exchange and blood transport

Regulation of respiration

Gastrointestinal system

Dietary balances and body temperature regulation 

Pituitary hormones and hypothalamus

Thyroid metabolic hormones

Adrenocortical hormones

Insulin, Glucagon and diabetes mellitus

Parathyroid hormone

Reproductive and hormonal functions of the male

Female physiology before pregnancy




Red blood cells, anemia and polycythemia

Cell biology

Physiological genomics

Intracellular signaling

Autonomic nervous system

ANS bis

Introduction to cardiovascular physiology

Cardiac electrophysiology - Action potentials

Overview of the respiratory system

Environmental physiology

Cardiopulmonary effects of breath hold

Introduction to endocrinology